They climbed into the nozzle itself. The FSB took on the co-authors of Novosibirsk scientists accused of treason

Another Siberian sci­en­tist accused of trea­son became the prey of the FSB. This time from Tomsk. He was a co-author of works on hyper­son­ic top­ics with employ­ees of the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics named after. Khristianovich SB RAS from Novosibirsk, detained in the last year. The human rights orga­ni­za­tion First Department is con­fi­dent that the repres­sive cam­paign is grow­ing and the next vic­tim of the FSB could be absolute­ly any sci­en­tist who has worked on this top­ic as part of inter­na­tion­al col­lab­o­ra­tions. Neither the coor­di­na­tion of work with­in the research insti­tute, nor the hyper­son­ic silence around crim­i­nal cas­es cre­at­ed by rel­a­tives and lawyers of the accused while the lead­er­ship of the Russian Academy of Sciences and oth­er aca­d­e­m­ic insti­tu­tions com­plete­ly ignores this tragedy will help. 

New detainees by to Siberian sci­en­tists from the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ITPM) named after. Christianovich of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, accused of trea­son, was the sci­en­tist Vladislav Galkin from Tomsk. T-invari­ant was informed about this by Elena Nefedova, act­ing. Chairman of the Sovetsky District Court of Novosibirsk. 

Vladislav Galkin

Vladislav Galkin - Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Assistant Professor Tomsk Polytechnic University, per­ma­nent co-author Valery Zvegintsev, chief researcher at ITAM SB RAS, also accused of trea­son. Both sci­en­tists have pub­lished a large num­ber of sci­en­tif­ic papers on hyper­son­ic tech­nolo­gies (usu­al­ly with sev­er­al oth­er co-authors). 

It should be not­ed that this time the court ini­tial­ly announcedon the deten­tion of anoth­er per­son accused of trea­son, with­out nam­ing his name, as if casu­al­ly . On December 6, infor­ma­tion appeared that Zvegintsev’s house arrest had been extend­ed for anoth­er two months, until 02/​07/​2024, and “the peri­od of deten­tion of the sec­ond accused” will last until the same date. Cases against those accused of trea­son are already becom­ing more and more closed and not pub­lic with each new case (T-invari­ant more than once wrote about this), lawyers and rel­a­tives refuse dis­sem­i­na­tion of any infor­ma­tion, but the absence of a name in the court mes­sage is a seri­ous step towards even greater secre­cy. “This is real­ly some­thing new in rela­tion to sci­en­tists accused of trea­son. Well, if they [the FSB] had their way, they wouldn’t report any­thing at all, wouldn’t name any­thing,” notes the founder of the First Department, Ivan Pavlov. 

Vladislav Galkin, judg­ing by his sci­en­tif­ic pub­li­ca­tions, is a rather ver­sa­tile mechan­i­cal sci­en­tist, notes Doctor of Physics and Mathematics. Sciences Andrey Tsaturyan, who stud­ied his work at the request of T-invariant. 

“He has work on rhe­ol­o­gy, fil­tra­tion (as applied to oil pro­duc­tion) and super­son­ic gas dynam­ics. At an ear­ly stage of his sci­en­tif­ic career, he was involved in fash­ion sev­er­al decades ago. MHD gen­er­a­tors. Judging by the pub­li­ca­tions, Vladislav Galkin is both an exper­i­menter and a the­o­rist; he has work on numer­i­cal meth­ods of gas dynam­ics. Joint work with col­leagues from the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics named after. S.A. Khristianovich of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, includ­ing with Valery Zvegintsev, since about 2016, have been devot­ed to the mechan­ics of super­son­ic flows - a top­ic in which, at least since 2015, the FSB has shown increased inter­est (see text “Hypersonic silence”). They are ded­i­cat­ed to air intake designs niks for super­son­ic air­craft and include ideas for mod­i­fy­ing their design, numer­i­cal cal­cu­la­tions and even tests in a wind tun­nel up to Mach num­bers (sound speeds) 4-5, which does not for­mal­ly relate to hyper­sound, but is close to it. All pub­li­ca­tions were pub­lished in the open press, most like­ly with the cor­re­spond­ing cer­tifi­cates of exam­i­na­tion. I’m sure at the Institute. Khristianovich is strict with this,” explains T-invariant’s interlocutor. 

In one of the lat­est joint work Galkin and Zvegintsev, pub­lished in the Iranian “Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics”, “a method for design­ing high-speed axisym­met­ric air intakes due to flow rever­sal in the cor­re­spond­ing isen­trop­ic nozzle.”

The air intakes in the noz­zles of the Kinzhals, Zircons, Avangards and Sarmatovs obvi­ous­ly inter­est­ed the secu­ri­ty offi­cers. The “case of Siberian sci­en­tists” is grow­ing, and this is def­i­nite­ly a real FSB cam­paign against all sci­en­tists involved in “hyper­son­ic tech­nolo­gies,” believes Ivan Pavlov. 

Ivan Pavlov. Photo: “Current time”

“For the FSB, sci­en­tists are easy prey, they are most­ly old­er peo­ple, they quick­ly break down on the very first day, the inves­ti­ga­tor will shout at them and they do what­ev­er he tells them, fol­low the lead. Of course, all cas­es are relat­ed specif­i­cal­ly to hyper­son­ic top­ics, no mat­ter where sci­en­tists live and work, in any case, all their cas­es are super­vised by the Central Office of the FSB, this is not a region­al lev­el. Several years ago, Putin instruct­ed to pro­tect promis­ing Russian tech­nolo­gies in hyper­sound, so the secu­ri­ty offi­cers are prac­tic­ing,” explains Ivan Pavlov. 

Most of Zvegintsev’s works have sev­er­al oth­er co-authors besides Galkin. Does the branch­ing of the case amongsci­en­tistsfrom oth­er Siberian cities mean that co-authors should “get ready “? Ivan Pavlov for­mu­lates the log­ic of the FSB as follows: 

“How does a hyper­son­ics sci­en­tist become a defen­dant in a trea­son case? If you have ever par­tic­i­pat­ed in an inter­na­tion­al sci­en­tif­ic project, or been respon­si­ble for the trans­fer of report­ing doc­u­men­ta­tion to for­eign part­ners… con­sid­er every­thing. Then the secu­ri­ty offi­cer deter­mines whether the infor­ma­tion sent con­tained state secrets, and it doesn’t mat­ter whether there was approval or not, they don’t care - you sent a “state secret,” which means you are a state traitor.” 

It has not yet been pos­si­ble to con­firm whether Galkin’s “hyper­son­ic” works were exam­ined and approved: Tomsk Polytechnic University did not respond to T-invariant’s request. 

Background of the case of Siberian scientists

Recall that in May T-invari­ant report­ed that three physi­cists were arrest­ed in the “Novosibirsk case”, as well as their pre­de­ces­sors - four sci­en­tists, also accused of trea­son in dif­fer­ent years - par­tic­i­pat­ed in projects of the sev­enth frame­work pro­gram of the European Union “TransHyBerian” (coor­di­nat­ed by the Von Karman Institute of Hydrodynamics, Belgium). While the con­tacts of sci­en­tists with China and Iran are only a pre­text, not a rea­son for arrests (this was dis­cussed by T-invariant’s inter­locu­tors and sources).

In less than a year at the Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ITPM) named after. Khristianovich of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, three employ­ees were accused of high trea­son. On April 7, 2023, chief researcher Valery Zvegintsev was arrest­ed. In 2001, he found­ed and head­ed a lab­o­ra­to­ry at the insti­tute “Aerogasdynamics of high speeds”.

In 2006, Alexander Shiplyuk, the future direc­tor of ITPM, became the head of this lab­o­ra­to­ry. Shiplyuk was arrest­ed in August 2022. 

Shortly before this, in June 2022, the chief researcher of ITPM, Alexander Maslov, who for more than twen­ty years was the deputy direc­tor of the insti­tute for sci­en­tif­ic work in charge of the aero­dy­nam­ic direc­tion, was arrested. 

All three for many years at dif­fer­ent times were co-authors of works that can be found in open books­ba­sics of these sci­en­tif­ic arti­cles. In the spring, ITPM employ­ees expressed con­cern that oth­er sci­en­tists who were their co-authors were under threat of arrest. Institute staff expressed these con­cerns in an open let­ter from the entire insti­tu­tion (which in these days is already civic courage). 

The sci­en­tists’ fears were con­firmed most direct­ly six months later. 

Text: Evgeniy Nasyrov


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